- Lower Back Pain: Lower back pain is one of the most common spinal problems among adults in the U.S. Lower back pain mostly affects the area of the back just below the ribs. Causes include fractures, strain, injury, overuse, compression, aging or even diseases such as arthritis.
- Degenerative Disc Disease: The vertebrae in your spinal column are protected by discs that allow for flexibility and act as shock absorbers. As you age, these discs begin to lose their elasticity. This gradual wear-and-tear is called disc degeneration.
- Sciatica: Sciatica is a condition that develops as a result of compression of the sciatic nerve in the lower back area. Compression of the sciatic nerve is often caused by spinal stenosis, herniated disc, arthritis or an injury.
- Spinal Bone Spurs: Spinal bone spurs are also referred to as spinal osteophytes in medical terms. Spinal bone spurs are tiny pieces of bones that stick out from the normal bones in the spinal area causing inflammation.
- Facet Joint Disease: Facet joints are the joints in your spine that allow you to turn, bend and twist. Facet joint disease is a condition that affects the joints in the vertebrae, causing significant pain and discomfort.
- Myelopathy: Myelopathy is a disease caused by disorders of the spine. It results in the gradual loss of nerve functioning. It is mostly brought about by spinal stenosis, spinal injury and progressive narrowing of the spinal column.
- Scoliosis: Scoliosis is a condition that arises as a result of the spine curving sideways. It is common during childhood and adolescence and can range from mild to severe.
- Pinched Nerve: A pinched nerve usually occurs when the nerves in the spinal area become compressed as they exit the spine. This often causes uncomfortable pain and numbness.
- Herniated Disc: Also known as a disc tear, herniated disc is a condition in which the outer layers of the discs in the spinal column develop a crack or tear. Common symptoms include pain, tingling and loss of reflexes in the affected area.
- Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal column narrows, applying excessive pressure on the nerves, which results in back and leg pain. It mostly affects adults 50 years and above, although young children who are sometimes born with a narrow spinal canal.
- Lumbar Disc Disease: Your lower back area is made up of five bones that are separated and cushioned by discs. Degenerative conditions, trauma, injury, overuse or fractures can damage the discs, causing the material inside to bulge into the spinal canal. This causes a lot of pain in the lower back and hip regions.
- Spondylolisthesis: This is a condition that mostly affects the lumbar area due to a forward slip of one of the vertebrae that make up the spinal column. Some people are born with the condition, while others develop it as a result of stress, trauma, fracture, infection or disease. Spondylolisthesis is particularly common among adolescents who are active in sports.
- Hip Osteoarthritis: Hip Osteoarthritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the tissues around the hip area. It is usually caused by degeneration and results in pain, swelling and even deformity in the hip joint area.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis: This is a form of arthritis that affects the joints and ligaments of the spine in the lower back area. As the condition progresses, it exerts a lot of pressure on the hip region leading to a stooped posture.
- Sacroiliitis: Sacroiliitis is a condition that causes inflammation in one or both of the two sacroiliac joints in the spinal column. Sacroiliac joints are found in the lower back area where the spine connects to the hip and pelvis. Sacroiliitis causes pain, tingling and numbness in the hip region.
- Coccydynia: Coccydynia is a condition that affects the last bone in your spine, usually known as the coccyx or tailbone. It is brought about by strain and injury to the ligaments and muscles in the tailbone region.
- Radiculopathy: Radiculopathy is a condition that affects the nerves and nerve roots in the spinal column. It occurs when the nerves are compressed as they exit the spinal column. Cervical radiculopathy affects the nerves near the neck and shoulder, causing pain that radiates down the arms and hands.
- Cervical Disc Rupture: The bones that make up your spine are cushioned by soft, spongy discs. When one of the discs in your cervical area ruptures, it results in a great deal of pain in your neck and upper shoulder.
- Cervical Arthritis: Your neck is made up of a column of 33 bones commonly known as vertebrae. Arthritis of the neck is a condition that occurs when the cartilage and bones in the cervical area degenerate abnormally. This causes pain, tingling and numbness in the neck and the shoulder.
- Kyphosis: This is a progressive disorder that mostly occurs in children and adults as a result of a curve in the thoracic spinal area. It is often caused by trauma, degenerative diseases such as arthritis, fractures and developmental problems.
- Compression Fracture: A compression fracture occurs as a result of broken bones in the spinal area. It is usually caused by trauma. Sometimes, it is also the result of osteoporosis or cancer. Compression fractures mostly affect the vertebrae in the lower back area.
- Arthritis of the Spine: Arthritis that affects the lower back and pelvic region can cause a lot of pain and even loss of motion in extreme instances.
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