What Causes Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction?

5 Reasons You Have a Torn Spinal Disc

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is a common cause of lower back pain and discomfort. The sacroiliac joint is located at the base of the spine and connects the iliac bones to the sacrum, or tailbone. Dysfunction in this area can be caused by a variety of problems, ranging from injury to arthritis. In some cases, it can even be caused by pregnancy or childbirth. 

Understanding what causes sacroiliac joint dysfunction can help you identify potential sources of your lower back pain and guide you toward the right treatment plan. Our specialists at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery can help answer any questions you may have regarding your sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Here are some of the most common causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction and how they can affect your health.

What Is Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction?

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction, also known as SI joint dysfunction, is the inflammation of the sacroiliac joint. This joint lies next to the hip joint and connects the sacrum, which is located in the lower back, to the ilium of the pelvis. This joint is supported by strong ligaments that connect it to both iliac bones of the pelvis and help stabilize it. When this joint becomes inflamed due to instability or injury, it can cause pain in the lower back and upper body. 

The main treatments for sacroiliac joint dysfunction include physical therapy, medications, and even injections. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation in order to reduce pain and restore proper movement of the joint so that it can function properly again.

What Causes Sacroiliac Joint Pain?

The sacroiliac joint is located at the bottom of the spine where it connects to the pelvis. This position makes it a central part of how your spine flexes. If the SI joint is inflamed or injured, you may experience significant pain or discomfort. 

This joint can cause chronic pain and is one of the most common causes of lower back pain. Sacroiliac joint pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including ligament damage, improper posture, overuse injuries, and muscle imbalances. When the ligaments surrounding the SI joint become too loose or too tight, this can lead to instability in the joint and cause chronic pain. 

In some cases, pregnancy or childbirth can also cause sacroiliac joint pain due to increased hormones that loosen the ligaments in the area. Other common causes of sacroiliac joint pain include osteoarthritis and spondylolisthesis. 

Regardless of what causes your sacroiliac joint pain, it’s important to seek treatment if you experience chronic discomfort in this area, as it can interfere with daily activities.

How Is Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction Treated?

Treatment for this type of joint dysfunction usually involves physical therapy and exercises to reduce pain and improve range of motion. In many cases, this will strengthen the muscles around the joint and stretch the ligaments to make them more elastic. Both improvements add stability and reduce pain by increasing flexibility. 

If the joint is fixed, specific mobilization techniques are used to loosen it up, and if the joint is hypermobile, stabilization exercises are performed to strengthen it. Specific stretches and physical therapy can help reduce painful sacroiliac joints as well as any other type of chronic pain associated with SI joint dysfunction. 

In some cases, medications may be prescribed if physical therapy alone does not provide relief. Surgical procedures on the SI joint are possible but limited to cases where the joint is damaged or misshapen, which can happen over time. A simple surgery to correct this or to remove material to reduce strain on the joint may be recommended if other options have not provided the relief that you need. 

Find Joint Relief With Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be a problem at any age. If you experience lower back pain, schedule an appointment at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery by calling us at (855) 853-6542 or by filling out our contact form. We can assess your condition to see what the cause of the pain is and help you get the right treatment. 

Our methods can ease whatever pain you may be experiencing and help repair your sacroiliac joint so that you can live an active, pain-free life. Get in touch with our skilled and compassionate specialists today. 

The Leading Causes of Spinal Infections

The Leading Causes of Spinal Infections

Spinal infections can cause pain, inflammation, and even permanent damage if left untreated. Knowing the leading causes of spinal infections is essential in order to prevent them from occurring or worsening. 

It is important to pay attention to any changes in your body that could indicate a spinal infection and seek medical help immediately if necessary. If you have any questions about your health or if you spot any signs of infection, reach out to our team at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery. We are here to help make sure your spine stays healthy for a long time to come. 

Causes of Spinal Infections

Spinal infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria and viruses entering the spine from the bloodstream or from an open wound on the body. Poor hygiene or the use of contaminated needles can also spread the infection to the spine.

Other causes may include:

  • Direct injury to the spine, such as a fracture or dislocation, may allow bacteria to enter
  • Surgery on the spine
  • Weakened immune system due to illness or medications
  • Pre-existing conditions such as arthritis, cancer, inflammation, or diabetes

Prompt medical treatment is essential, as spinal infections can lead to serious complications if left untreated.

What Are Bacterial Infections?

Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria that enter the spine through a wound or other open area, such as surgery or a puncture through the skin. One type of spinal infection is osteomyelitis, which is an infection of the bone and surrounding tissue. This type of infection can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated. Other bacterial infections may include discitis, an infection between two vertebrae, or epidural abscesses, which occur in the space between the vertebrae and the spinal cord.

Treatment typically involves antibiotics to help clear out any bacteria present. Surgery may be necessary in more severe cases in order to remove any damaged tissue and to provide better access to further treatments like draining infected areas. 

What Are Viral Infections of the Spine?

Some common types of viral infections of the spine include:

  • Herpetic neuralgia is caused by the herpes simplex virus and usually causes pain in or around a nerve in the spine
  • Herpes zoster is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and usually causes an itchy rash as well as pain along a dermatome in the spine
  • HIV can cause spinal cord compression, leading to weakness and painful spasms
  • Meningitis is usually caused by bacteria or viruses that infect the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, resulting in inflammation, fever, headache, and neck stiffness

Treatment for viral infections of the spine must be tailored to each individual based on their specific symptoms and diagnosis.

Can You Develop a Fungal Infection?

Fungal infections of the spine can be classified into two main types: systemic and localized. Systemic fungal infections involve the entire body, while localized fungal infections only affect one area of the spine, such as the vertebrae or discs. 

Systemic fungal infections are often caused by Aspergillus, Histoplasma, and Cryptococcus species, whereas localized fungal infections usually involve Candida species. 

Parasitic Infections of the Spine

Parasitic infections of the spine are caused by parasitic organisms that enter the body through contaminated food or water, insects, or contact with an infected person. Once inside the body, they can travel to the spine, where they can cause an infection. 

Symptoms of a spinal infection caused by parasites may include pain in the neck and back, fever, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, muscle weakness, and difficulty walking. In more severe cases, paralysis may occur. Treatment for a parasitic spinal infection is typically done with a combination of medications such as antiparasitic drugs and antibiotics. If left untreated, these infections can be very serious and even life-threatening, so it’s important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect you have been infected

Treat Spinal Infections Quickly With Help From Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery

Spinal infections are dangerous because they can spread through your body and damage your nervous system. If you find yourself struggling with the symptoms of a spinal infection, it’s important to reach out to medical professionals immediately. 

Get in touch with our skilled and compassionate team at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery at (855) 853-6542 or through our online contact form to schedule an appointment. With our help, you can be back to full health quickly.

How a Percutaneous Discectomy Can Help You

How a Percutaneous Discectomy Can Help You

A percutaneous discectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery can provide to have some relief from the pain and discomfort caused by a herniated disk. It is becoming an increasingly popular option for individuals who suffer from back and neck pain, as it provides relief with fewer risks than traditional open surgery. 

The goal of a percutaneous discectomy is to remove the portion of the herniated disk that is pressing on any nerves or other tissue, thus relieving pressure in the area. During this procedure, a physician will make a small incision and then use special instruments to carefully remove the material causing compression and irritation. Reach out to us at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery to learn more about how a percutaneous discectomy can help you reduce your pain and what the procedure entails.

Benefits of Percutaneous Discectomy

A percutaneous discectomy has several benefits compared to traditional open discectomy surgery. It can be performed under local anesthetic instead of general anesthesia, resulting in shorter recovery times and reduced risks of complications. It also causes less tissue damage than open surgery, so there is less risk of scarring and infection.

Percutaneous discectomies also require smaller incisions than traditional surgeries, resulting in fewer postoperative complications and faster healing times. This makes it an attractive option for patients with herniated discs causing sciatica or lower back pain.

A percutaneous discectomy can be used to treat several different types of conditions, including degenerative disc disease, sciatica, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. Depending on the condition being treated, additional techniques may be used, such as laser ablation or radiofrequency ablation, to decrease the size of the herniation. 

How to Prepare For a Percutaneous Discectomy

Prior to the procedure, you should discuss all medications you are taking with your doctor, as you may be asked to stop taking certain medications prior to surgery. The doctor will also assess your medical history and physical condition to ensure that it is safe for you to go through with the procedure.

Depending on what type of anesthesia is used, some patients may need to fast for several hours prior to surgery and arrange for someone to take them home after the procedure. It is also important for patients to wear comfortable clothing that can easily be removed when entering the operating room. 

What Happens During a Percutaneous Discectomy Procedure?

A percutaneous discectomy involves making a small incision in the skin near the affected area. Then, the surgeon will use imaging technology, such as CT scans, to guide the doctor in removing the disc material. During the procedure, a specialized tool is inserted through the incision to remove any fragments of the herniated disc that are pressing on nerve roots or spinal cord.

The procedure can be performed under local anesthesia. Afterward, most patients experience improved mobility and less pain due to relieved pressure on nerves and other structures. Depending on the severity of symptoms, physical therapy may be recommended after this type of procedure to ensure proper healing.

Recovery Time and Postoperative Care

Recovery time varies from patient to patient. However, it can range anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. After the procedure, postoperative care is essential for optimal recovery. Patients may need to follow instructions such as ice/heat therapy, physical therapy or rehabilitation exercises, and pain control medications or injections. 

In addition to these instructions, patients should rest and avoid strenuous activities for some time after the surgery. During the recovery period, regular follow-up visits with the surgeon are important to ensure that healing is progressing properly and there are no complications arising from the surgery.

A Percutaneous Discectomy May Provide the Relief That You Need

A percutaneous discectomy can be an effective way to relieve back pain and restore functionality. However, it is not the right choice for all conditions. You need to be assessed by a specialist to find out for sure if you are a good candidate for the procedure. 

If you have a herniated disc that is causing your trouble, call Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery at (855) 853-6542 to discuss your options. We have everything that you need to treat spine conditions like herniated discs and get back to a full, pain-free life.

Spinal Compression Fractures: How to Treat

Spinal Compression Fractures: How to Treat

Spinal compression fractures can be a dangerous and debilitating injury that can lead to chronic pain and reduced mobility. Fortunately, with the right diagnosis and treatment, this condition can be managed effectively.

Partnering with an orthopedic clinic, such as Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery, can greatly help you reduce pain and improve other adverse symptoms. By understanding the diagnosis and treatment options available for spinal compression fractures, you can work with your doctor to design an effective course of treatment that is tailored to your individual needs.

What Is a Spinal Compression Fracture?

A compression fracture is a type of bone fracture that is caused by the bone or bones squeezing together so hard that they crack. In your spine, the bones are separated by cushions that are designed to let your spine be flexible and somewhat resistant to this squeezing pressure. However, you can compress your spine enough that these cushions are not strong enough to offset the pressure, which leads your vertebrae to crack under the strain. 

A vertebral compression fracture occurs when part of a vertebra collapses due to pressure on it, causing pain and discomfort. Symptoms can include a hunched posture, pain when walking or standing, and difficulty breathing deeply. 

A spinal compression fracture is a serious injury, as it weakens your spine and puts your spinal cord at risk. More than that, it can be painful and take a while to heal, making it difficult or impossible to do most of the things that you need to do during the day. Treatment for a compression fracture often includes rest, physical therapy, bracing, and medications to reduce pain. In severe cases where the damage is extensive, surgery may be needed to stabilize the spine and prevent further damage.

What Causes a Compression Fracture?

A compression fracture is usually caused by a weakened bone due to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bone loss and makes bones weak and brittle, which also makes them more prone to fracture when put under pressure. 

In the case of a compression fracture, the pressure applied to the vertebra causes it to collapse or break into two or more pieces. This type of fracture can be caused by anything from a fall, other trauma, or even simple activities, such as coughing. Compression fractures are most common in postmenopausal women and those suffering from osteoporosis, but they can also occur in people who are otherwise healthy.

Surgical Treatment for Spinal Compression Fractures

Surgical treatment for spinal compression fractures can treat many types of spinal fractures. A spinal compression fracture is a break in the vertebrae that causes the spine to collapse, resulting in pain and instability. 

The most commonly used surgical treatments for these fractures are vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. During these procedures, a special type of cement is injected into the broken vertebrae to increase stability and reduce pain. In some cases, a back brace may also be used as an additional treatment for spinal compression fractures. This brace provides extra support and stabilizes the spine while it heals.

Surgical treatments have been successful in treating many types of spinal fractures, providing relief from pain and restoring stability to the spine.

Have Spinal Issues Assessed Sooner Than Later with Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery

Spinal issues can be serious, especially if you have an injury caused by an impact or trauma of some kind. Compression fractures only appear when you are putting so much pressure on your spine that the bones begin to crack. You need to have compression fractures evaluated and treated as soon as possible before they become much worse. 

If you suspect that you have a compression fracture in your spine or another spinal condition, contact Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery at (855) 853-6542 or through our contact form as soon as possible. We can treat compression fractures before they start to open into full bone breaks and risk damaging your spinal cord.

Spinal Deformity: Symptoms and Treatments

Spinal Deformity: Symptoms and Treatments

Spinal deformity is a serious medical condition that can cause long-term health problems. If left untreated, it can worsen over time and lead to severe pain, impaired mobility, and even disability. Fortunately, Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery offers various treatments available to help manage and improve symptoms. 

If you experience any negative symptoms as a result of spinal deformity, the specialists at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery can help you figure out the best course of action. We will work with you every step of the way to make sure your symptoms are taken seriously. 

What Are Spinal Deformities?

Spinal deformities are conditions that affect the alignment of the spine. These include scoliosis, which is a sideways curve of the spine, and kyphosis, which is an excessive outward curvature. 

Adult spinal deformities can also occur. These are often the result of aging or injury to the lower back. 

In adult spinal deformities, the vertebrae may become misaligned, resulting in a deformity in which the spine is no longer straight but instead forms a curve or twists to one side. The severity of these conditions can range from mild to severe and can lead to pain or other issues if left untreated. 

What Causes Spinal Deformities?

There are several potential causes of spinal deformities. Some main causes include:

  • Genetic or hereditary factors
  • Muscle imbalances
  • Diseases that affect the development of bones
  • Injuries that do not heal correctly
  • Gradual weakening or misalignment of spine components

In some cases, underlying medical conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, can cause these conditions as well. 

There are also cases where a spinal deformity can develop with no obvious causes. This is what happens in idiopathic scoliosis, which is where the spine develops a pronounced curve that is not caused by an obvious reason. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis can be managed effectively with a combination of diagnosis and treatment options. With proper treatment and monitoring, most people affected by scoliosis can live normal and healthy lives.

When Is Spinal Surgery Necessary?

Spinal surgery is often necessary when other treatments have not been effective in providing relief from severe pain or when there is a structural issue with the spine, such as a herniated disc, that is causing significant discomfort. Surgery may not be necessary if the problem is not putting your spinal cord at risk or adversely affecting your life with pain or a disability. However, you will need treatment and potentially surgery to deal with any excessive pain, discomfort, or risks to your overall health. 

Surgery can also be used to address issues such as scoliosis. In some cases, spinal surgery can be used to remove tumors or cysts that may have developed along the spine. Ultimately, spinal surgery is necessary when other treatments have not been successful in addressing the underlying causes of pain, degeneration, or immobility associated with spinal conditions.

Treatment Options for Spinal Deformities

Treatment options for spinal deformities depend on the severity of the condition and can range from observation to surgical intervention. Non-surgical options include physical therapy, bracing, medication, and lifestyle changes, such as posture correction or exercise. If these methods fail to provide the relief that you need, then you likely need a surgical option. 

Surgical treatment may include: 

  • Spinal fusion to stabilize the vertebrae
  • Decompression surgery to relieve pressure on nerves in the spine 
  • Vertebroplasty to inject cement into fractured bones
  • Kyphoplasty to restore height and stability in compressed vertebrae. 

In some cases, a combination of non-surgical and surgical treatments may be recommended. The goal of any treatment is to reduce pain and improve function so that a person with a spinal deformity can lead an active life.

Spinal Deformities Can Be Fixed With the Right Help

Having a spinal deformity doesn’t have to limit you. Medical technology has come a long way, and medical professionals can fix many kinds of spinal deformities. However, you need to be thoroughly assessed before moving forward with any type of treatment. 

At Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery, we have the resources and expertise necessary to treat a wide range of spinal deformities. To get started, we need to do a full assessment of your condition so that we can find the best course of action. Call us at (855) 853-6542 or fill out our contact form to schedule your first consultation.