How Does Arthritis Affect the Back

How Spinal Arthritis Affects The Back: The Effects of Spinal Arthritis On Your Back

An overview of Arthritis of the spine, how it affects your back as it progresses, as well as finding relief through conservative or surgical treatment.

Spinal arthritis symptoms often include back and neck pain, stiffness, and swelling.

What is Spinal Arthritis?

Spinal arthritis is a progressive disease that worsens as you age or if you consistently continue to injure an area of your spine. When the cartilage between two aligning facet joints begins to break down due to degenerative arthritis, motion begins to be impaired, leading to mechanical pain and decreased range of motion.

Inflammation in the Facet Joint Arthritis

When the cartilage begins to degenerate, a reaction occurs causing the bone underneath to wear out over time, leading to facet joint arthritis. This type of arthritis is called osteoarthritis, and it is likely to affect the joints in your hands, knees, hips, and spine. The inflammation caused by bone spurs and other degenerative factors leads to considerable pain when the spine is in motion.

Preventing Spinal Osteoarthritis

Suffering back pain from osteoarthritis can make an individual feel incapable of performing daily activities and enjoying life as they used to.  That is why it is important to do these several steps at home to help ease your pain and improve your spine. Below is a list of some home spinal osteoarthritis remedies:

  • Resting periodically
  • Using a cold or warm pad
  • Losing weight
  • Exercising
  • Balancing an eating diet
  • Avoid smoking and drinking

However, if you are still experiencing major back pain after doing these home remedies, it is best for you to seek medical attention from a spinal osteoarthritis specialist. Here at Orthopedic & Laser Spine Surgery, we will provide you with the proper treatment to help you feel better.

Treating Arthritis in the Spine

There is no cure for spinal arthritis, but there are ways to slow down its progression and relieve some of the pain. Physical therapy can help improve back muscle strength and range of motion. Rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, and exercises that help build supporting muscles are often all that is needed to combat the effects of arthritis in the spine. Cortisone shots may be delivered directly to the affected joint, helping to more accurately deliver medication to relieve inflammation. With the stiffness and pain that pressure on an arthritic joint can bring, water exercise therapy is often helpful.

How Arthritis Affects Your Spine

When you feel neck pain from arthritis in the spine, a protective reflex occurs, causing muscle that runs along the spine to begin to spasm. If the spasms become powerful enough they could pull the spine out of alignment. Deep tissue massage to relax these muscles helps to bring the spine back into its proper alignment but does not treat underlying arthritis.

Spinal Arthritis Surgery for Patients with Arthritic Spine

If the cartilage of the joint has worn away to a point where conservative treatments are failing to provide relief, spinal arthritis surgery, such as immobilizing the facet joints through a facet fusion, will stop pain caused by motion. A facet joint fusion uses bone harvested from your body or a donor to create a form of weld that holds two adjoining joints in place. Are you a candidate for treatment? Use our treatment checker tool here in order to see which one is best for you.

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